Singapore Mountaineering Federation | Course Syllabus
climbing, adventure, sports, singapore, SNCS, SNAS, certification
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Course Syllabus

Course Code: SCCL1

Course Duration: 7 hours or 2 sessions of 3.5 hours

Prerequisite: At least 13 years of age

 

Objectives

The purpose of this course is to give participants an enjoyable, safe and informative introduction to sport climbing. The course is designed for people with no prior knowledge of sport climbing. Participants will be introduced to: equipment, climbing techniques, checking procedures, belaying for top-roping and climbing calls.

 

Passing Standards

Trainees must demonstrate the following course requirements :
1. Correct harness usage
2. Correct tie-in technique using the figure-of-8 knot
3. Correct belay technique using a friction device
4. Correct use of climbing calls
5. Perform pre-climb checks

 

Award

SNCS Sport Climbing Level One Certificate

 

Syllabus

  1. Introduction to the Sport of Climbing
    • Development of climbing in Singapore
    • Concept of climbing
      • Sport climbing /Traditional climbing;
      • Lead / Top-rope;
      • Bouldering
  2. Introduction of Climbing Equipment (usage, care, limitation)
    • Ropes (Dynamic & Static)
    • Harness
    • Karabiner
    • Friction devices – (Fig.8 and Tubular)
    • Climbing shoes
    • Helmet
    • Chalk (drying agent)
    • Others – Quickdraws (Runners), Sling/Tape
  3. Tie-in Knot (usage, limitation, dressing)
    • Figure of Eight thread-through
  1. Belaying Technique (5 steps belay) using friction devices
    • Belaying a climber
    • Lowering a climber
    • Belaying stance
    • Arresting a climber’s fall
    • Rope handling & management
  2. Basic Climbing Technique
    • Use of handholds – pinch, grip, underhand, side pull, sloper, pocket
    • Use of footholds – edging, smearing
    • Basic wall configuration – corners, overhangs, slabs, roof
  3. Top-rope Climbing
    • Pre-climb checks
    • Climbing commands
    • Spotting
    • Safety considerations – pendulums, falling on other people, rope placement, buddy check
  4. Course Review
    • Suggestions for further advancement
    • General discussion and feedback
Instructor Qualification

Sport Climbing Instructor Category 1 / 2

Instructor to Trainee Ratio

1 Instructor : 10 Trainees, OR

1 Instructor + 1 Climbing Assistant (or Trainee Instructor) : 16 Trainees


Course Code: SCCL2

Course Duration: 14 hours or 2 sessions of 7 hours

Prerequisite: At least 13 years of age, Sport Climbing Course Level One certified

 

Objectives

This course is designed as a follow on from the Sport Climbing Course Level 1. This course builds on the top-rope skills acquired from Level One and teaches a progression into lead climbing on artificial climbing walls. Participants on this course should be confident in all the techniques covered at Level One before undertaking this more advanced level course.

 

Passing Standards

Trainees must demonstrate the following course requirements :
1. Confident with lead climbing on an easy route
2. Correct placement of protection points on a lead climb
3. Correct belaying of a lead climber using a friction device
4. Correct top-out technique on fixed anchor
5. Conduct proper pre-climb checks
6. Correct use of climbing calls
7. Safe equipment handling

 

Award

SNCS Sport Climbing Level Two Certificate

 

Syllabus

  1. Introduction to Lead Climbing
    • Top-rope Climbing vs Lead Climbing
    • Placement of protection points
    • Understanding Fall Factor and Impact Force
    • Understanding the anchor system on artificial wall
  2. Equipment Required for Lead Climbing (usage, care, limitation)
    • Dynamic rope vs Static rope
    • Harness with gear loops
    • Quickdraws (Runners)
    • Slings / Tapes (safety slings, extension as Runners)
    • Friction devices – (Fig.8, Tubular)
    • Helmet
  3. Knots (usage, limitation, dressing)
    • Double Figure of 8 knot
    • Tape knot
  1.  Belaying a Lead Climber using friction devices
    • Giving slack & taking-in
    • Belaying stance
    • Arresting a climber’s fall
    • Dynamic Belaying
    • Rope handling & management
  2. Lead Climbing & Techniques
    • Pre-climb checks
    • Clipping in techniques / prevention & undo “Z” clips
    • Runners’ placement/direction
    • Climbing on overhangs & roofs
    • Safe falling position
    • Climbing commands
    • Safety considerations – hand & foot placement to avoid nasty rope burns, skipping runners, falling on a lead, buddy check
  3. Top-out Technique
  4. Course Review
    • Suggestions for further advancement
    • General discussion and feedback
Instructor Qualification

Sport Climbing Instructor Category 1 / 2

Instructor to Trainee Ratio

1 Instructor : 10 Trainees, OR

1 Instructor + 1 Climbing Assistant (or Trainee Instructor) : 16 Trainees

Note

Wearing of helmet is compulsory when engaging in a lead climbing session


Course Code: ASC

Course Duration: 21 hours or 3 sessions of 7 hours

Prerequisite: At least 18 years of age, Sport Climbing Course Level Two certified. Must be confident to lead a 5.7/5b route on an artificial climbing wall.

 

Objectives

This is a course designed for teachers, physical training instructors, people in-charge of climbing gyms and anyone required to supervising group climbing activities on artificial climbing walls. The course equips participants with the knowledge and skills necessary to safely supervise top-rope climbing, lead climbing and bouldering sessions. The course emphasizes on safety and organization. The course does not qualify participants to conduct formal climbing certification courses.

 

Passing Standards

Participants must demonstrate the following course requirements :
1. Correct use of and the ability to discern any incorrect use of climbing equipment
2. Have knowledge on safety practices in supervising:
– Top-rope & lead climbing session including belayers;
– Bouldering session with spotters and crash mats
3. Have knowledge on managing groups, organizational and communication skills
4. Understanding of risks associated with climbing and have knowledge on strategy to minimize risks
5. Ability to set up anchor system for top-rope climbing
6. Have knowledge on wall maintenance and route setting
7. Safe equipment handling

 

Award

Activity Supervisor Certificate valid for 3yrs; to be accompanied with a valid first aid

 

Syllabus

  1. Roles and Responsibilities of a Supervisor
  2. Revision of skills and knowledge on
    • Equipment (usage, care, maintenance, check)
    • Knots (Figure of 8: thread-through, double-bight)
    • Belaying technique (top-rope, lead)
    • Bouldering and Spotting
  3. Setting up activities for
    • Top-rope & Lead climbing
    • Bouldering
  4. Planning a session (top-rope, lead, boulder)
    • Objective of activities
    • Profile of participants
    • Site & equipment inspection
    • Level of challenges (structures, routes)
  1. Managing a session (top-rope, lead, boulder)
    • Group management (procedures, rules, processes, ratio)
    • Facilitating experiences (teaching methods, communication)
  2. Risk Analysis and Management
    • Understanding & Identifying Risks
    • Strategies to minimize risks
    • Risk assessment & management plan
  3. Protocol, Guidelines, Wall Maintenance
  4. Discussion on
    • Common mistakes and incidents in climbing
    • Supervision of climbing, belayers
    • Route setting
  5. Theory Assessment
Instructor Qualification

Sport Climbing Instructor Category 2

Instructor to Trainee Ratio

1 Instructor : 8 Trainees, OR

1 Instructor + 1 Climbing Assistant (or Trainee Instructor) : 12 Trainees

Note

Wearing of helmet is compulsory when engaging in a lead climbing session